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Troubleshooting Low Temperature Startup Issues in Screw Air Compressors

Troubleshooting Low Temperature Startup Issues in Screw Air Compressors
October 04, 2023

Screw air compressors are widely used in various industries due to their efficiency and reliability.  However, in cold weather conditions, these machines may encounter difficulties in starting up.  In this article, we will explore the reasons behind the low temperature startup issues in screw air compressors and provide some troubleshooting tips.

Screw air compressors

1.  Insufficient Lubrication:

One common cause of low temperature startup problems in screw air compressors is inadequate lubrication.  In cold temperatures, the oil viscosity increases, making it difficult for the lubricant to flow smoothly.  This can result in excessive friction and resistance, preventing the compressor from starting.  To address this issue, it is crucial to use a lubricant specifically designed for low-temperature applications.  These lubricants have lower viscosity and can flow easily, ensuring proper lubrication and smooth startup even in cold conditions.


2.  Moisture Accumulation:

Another factor that affects the startup of screw air compressors in low temperatures is the accumulation of moisture.  Cold air can condense moisture, leading to the formation of ice or frost inside the compressor.  This can cause blockages and hinder the movement of components, resulting in startup issues.  To prevent moisture accumulation, it is essential to install a moisture separator or dryer in the air intake system.  These devices remove moisture from the air before it enters the compressor, reducing the risk of ice formation and ensuring smooth startup.


3.  Insufficient Warm-up Time:

In extremely low temperatures, screw air compressors may require a longer warm-up time before starting.  Cold temperatures can affect the performance of various components, such as the motor and valves, making it necessary to allow them sufficient time to reach the optimum operating temperature.  It is recommended to follow the manufacturer's guidelines regarding warm-up time in cold weather conditions.  Providing adequate warm-up time ensures that all components are functioning properly, reducing the chances of startup issues.


4.  Electrical System Issues:

Cold weather can also have adverse effects on the electrical system of screw air compressors.  Low temperatures can cause the electrical connections to become brittle and prone to breakage.  Additionally, cold weather can lead to a decrease in battery performance, affecting the starting process.  To avoid electrical system issues, it is crucial to inspect and maintain all electrical connections regularly.  Keeping the electrical system properly insulated and protected from the elements can help prevent startup problems.



Permanent magnet variable screw air compressors are essential equipment in various industries, but low temperature startup issues can hinder their performance.  By addressing factors such as insufficient lubrication, moisture accumulation, insufficient warm-up time, and electrical system issues, operators can ensure smooth startup even in cold weather conditions.  Regular maintenance, following manufacturer guidelines, and using appropriate lubricants and moisture separators are key to avoiding these problems.  By implementing these measures, the efficiency and reliability of screw air compressors can be maintained throughout the year.

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